Rosette Nebula with STL-4020M camera                  Click on photo to return to 'Diffuse Nebulae'                          Home
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SEDS description;
Rosette nebula   NGC 2244

Rosetta Nebula
NGC 2237-9,46
NGC 2244

Right Ascension
06 : 32.3 (h:m)
06 : 32.4 (h:m)

+5 : 03 (deg:m)
+4 : 52 (deg:m)

5.5 (kly)
5.5 (kly)

Visual Brightness
? (mag)
4.8 (mag)

Apparent Dimension
80x60 (arc min)
24 (arc min)

Discovered by John Flamsteed about 1690.
The Rosetta Nebula is a vast cloud of dust and gas, extending over an area of more than 1 degree across, or about 5 times the area covered by the full moon. Its parts have been assigned different NGC numbers: 2237, 2238, 2239, and 2246. Within the nebula, open star cluster NGC 2244 is situated, consisted of the young stars which recently formed from the nebula's material, and the brightest of which make the nebula shine by exciting its atoms to emit radiation. Star formation is still in progress in this vast cloud of interstellar matter; a recent finding of a very young star with a Herbig-Haro type jet by astronomers at the NOAO has been announced in Press Release NOAO 04-03 on January 22, 2004.
Although various values for its distance occur in the literature, our adopted distance from the Sky Catalog 2000 implies a true diameter of the nebula of about 130 light years. Burnham quotes a mass estimation of 10,000 (Minkowski 1949) to 11,000 (Menon 1962) solar masses, so it is one of the more massive diffuse nebulae.
Open cluster NGC 2244 was discovered by Flamsteed about 1690. The nebula, however, was not even seen by William Herschel (who found the cluster); its different parts were discovered only by John Herschel (NGC 2239 = GC 1420 = h 392), Marth (NGC 2238 = GC 5361 = Marth 99), and Swift (NGCs 2237 and 2246); note that while now these numbers are used for describing parts of the diffuse nebula, their original NGC description is quite different:
2237  pretty bright, very very large, diffuse (?= [GC] 5361 [= NGC 2238])
2238  small [faint] star in nebulosity
2239  star of mag 8 in large, poor, bright cluster
2246  extremely faint, large, irregularly round, extremely difficult
Nevertheless, the nebula is a splendid object, especially for astrophotography.

Photo Specifications:

     TELESCOPE:  80 mm Celestron APO  F/8
            CAMERA:  'SBIG'  STL-4020M & Baader Filters
CAMERA TEMP:  Temp. = -21 C
                   DATE: 01/27/11-02/02/11

Exposure  time
 Exposure time
Number  of Sub-frames
4.5 hrs
1800 sec
4.5 hrs
1800 sec
4.5 hrs
1800 sec
4.5 hrs
1800 sec

Processing:    MaxIm DL  v4.62; Aquire data, calibrate,  color combine; CCDstack align;  Photoshop CS2